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I am a bioarchaeologist, meaning I study human skeletal remains from archaeological sites as a source of evidence about the past. My specific interests include paleopathology, paleodemography, long bone ontogeny, bone biology and histology. The majority of my work is focused on understanding health and biocultural adaptations of human populations in South Asian prehistory. Click on the images above to see descriptions of my current research projects and teaching materials.

If you are interested in downloading 3d scans from our osteological collection at ASU, click HERE


Here are links to my publications (available for download on academia.edu):

Refereed journal articles

B Bertrand, G Robbins Schug, T Colard, S Naji, and C. Polet (Available online 26 April 2014) Age-at-death-Estimation in pathological individuals. A complementary approach using teeth cementum annulations. International Journal of Paleopathology. PDF

Robbins Schug G. and H. Goldman. (2014) Birth is but our death begun: a bioarchaeological assessment of skeletal emaciation in immature human skeletons in the context of environmental, social, and subsistence transition. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 155(2):243-259. PDF

Robbins Schug G, K Elaine Blevins, Brett Cox, Kelsey Gray, and V Mushrif-Tripathy. (2013) Infection, Disease, and Biosocial Process at the End of the Indus Civilization. PLOS ONE 0084814. PDF

Robbins Schug G, S Gupta, LW Cowgill, PW Sciulli and S Blatt. (2013) Panel regression formulas for stature and body mass estimation in immature human skeletons, without reference to specific age estimates. Journal of Archaeological Science 40 (7):3076-3086. PDF

Robbins Schug G, KM Gray, V Mushrif-Tripathy, and AR Sankhyan. (2012) A Peaceful Realm? Trauma and social differentiation at Harappa. International Journal of Paleopathology 2 (2-3):136-147. PDF

Robbins Schug G, E Brandt and JR Lukacs. (2012) Cementum Annulations, Age Estimation, and Demographic Dynamics in a Mid-Holocene Cemetery, India. Homo (2) 63:94-109.  PDF

Robbins G. (2011) Don't throw out the baby with the bathwater: estimating fertility from subadult skeletons. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 21(6):717-722. PDF and Correction

Sankhyan, A.K. and G. Robbins Schug. (2011) First Evidence of Brain Surgery in Bronze Age Harappa. Current Science 100 (11):16-21. PDF and erratum

Dixon K., S. Novak, G. Robbins, J. Schablitsky, R. Scott , and G. Tasa. (2010) Men, Women, and Children are Starving: Archaeology of the Donner Family Camp. American Antiquity 75(3):627-656. PDF part 1; PDF part 2

Robbins G., P. Sciulli, and S. Blatt (2010) Estimating Body Mass in Subadult Human Skeletons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143(1):146-150. PDF

Robbins G., V. Mushrif, V.N. Misra, R.K. Mohanty, V.S. Shinde, K.M. Gray, and M.D. Schug (2009) Ancient skeletal evidence for Leprosy in India (2000 B.C.). PLOS ONE e5669. PDF; Metrics

Robbins G., V. Mushrif, V.N. Misra, R.K. Mohanty, and V.S. Shinde (2007) Adult skeletal material from Balathal: A full report and inventory. Man and Environment XXXII(2: December):1-26.

Robbins G., V. Mushrif, V.N. Misra, R.K. Mohanty, and V.S. Shinde (2006) Biographies of the Skeleton: Pathological Patterns at Balathal. Man and Environment XXXI(2: December):150-165.


Robbins Schug G. (2011) Bioarchaeology and climate change: a view from South Asian prehistory. University Press Florida in the book series: Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global Perspectives, Clark Larsen (series editor).

Robbins G., V.D. Misra, J.N. Pal, and M.C. Gupta (2004) Mesolithic Damdama: Dental Histology and Age Estimation. India: Allahabad University Press. OCLC: 60453955.

Edited volumes

Robbins Schug G., S. Halcrow, and R. Harrod, eds. Bioarchaeology of Human-Environmental Interactions: complexity and connections in the past. To be submitted to University Press of Florida. In prep.

Robbins Schug G. and S.R. Walimbe, eds. A Companion to South Asia in the Past. To be submitted to Wiley-Blackwell. In prep.

Book chapters

Robbins Schug G. (in prep, expected in 2015) A Hierarchy of Values: The Bioarchaeology of Order, Complexity, and Hierarchy at Harappa. In: Mark N. Cohen, editor. Bones of Complexity: Osteological indicators of emergent heterarchy and hierarchy.

Robbins Schug G. (submitted to editors) The human skeletal remains from Megalithic Dhamna. Invited contribution to Recent Research Trends in Vidarbha Archaeology in honour of Dr. K. Ismail, retired professor, Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Nagpur University.

Robbins Schug G. and K. Gray. (2011) Bone Histology and Identification of a Starvation Diet. In: Archaeology of Desperation: Exploring the Donner Party's Alder Creek Camp, eds. Dixon, K., J. Schablitsky, and S. Novak, eds. Arthur H. Clark Co., University of Oklahoma Press.

Other Contributions (not peer-reviewed)

Robbins Schug G. (2013) BOOK REVIEW: THE BIOARCHEOLOGY OF INDIVIDUALS. Edited by Ann L.W. Stodder and Ann M. Palkovich. Gainseville, FL: University Press Florida. 2012. 287 pp. ISBN 978-0- 8130-3807-0. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 152(3):429.

Robbins Schug G. and S. Lappan. (2011) Our Primate Heritage Lab Manual. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt.

Robbins G. (2008) Fertility and Infertility. In: Encyclopedia of Women in World History. Smith, B., ed. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robbins G. (2008) Demography- an overview. In: Encyclopedia of Women in World History. Smith, B., ed. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Follow me on Academia.edu


William C. Strickland Outstanding Young Faculty Award, 2010


Bioarchaeological evidence for violence and specific evidence of social differentiation and trauma at Harappa (Indus River Valley Civilization) in the media


Science magazine

Anthropology News

John Hawks web blog

Archaeology magazine


Oldest Skeletal Evidence

for Leprosy (2000 B.C.) in the media


NY Times

Science magazine

Science Daily

Discovery Magazine

AP (USA Today)

Times of India

China Daily

Watauga Democrat

App State News




Osseous Remains from the Donner Party Camp Site (1847 A.D.) in the media

Recent coverage, 2010 (factsheet)

The New Yorker

The History Channel

Eureka Science News


Forensic Anthropology Summer Camp



Interested in pursuing a major in Anthropology with concentration in Biological Anthropology?

Dr. Gwen Robbins Schug | Anthropology Department | Appalachian State University | 401 Sanford Hall (office) | 828-262-7505 (office)