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I am a bioarchaeologist, meaning I study human skeletal remains from archaeological sites as a source of evidence about the past. My specific interests include paleopathology, paleodemography, long bone ontogeny, bone biology and histology. The majority of my work is focused on understanding health and biocultural adaptations of human populations in South Asian prehistory. Click on the images above to see descriptions of my current research projects and teaching materials.

If you are interested in downloading 3d scans from our osteological collection at ASU, click HERE


Here are links to my publications (available for download on academia.edu):


Refereed journal articles

(* denotes undergraduate student collaborator; ** graduate student collaborator)

Bertrand B, G Robbins Schug, T Collard, S Naji, ** C Polet (in press) Age-at-death-estimation in pathological individuals. A complementary approach using teeth cementum annulations. Int J Paleopathol. Early View. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2014.04.001 1879-9817/. 26 Apr 2014

Robbins Schug G, H Goldman (2014) Birth is but our death begun: A bioarchaeological assessment of skeletal emaciation in immature human skeletons in the context of environmental, social, and subsistence transition. Am J Phys Anthropol. 155(2):243-259.

Robbins Schug G, *KE Blevins, *B Cox, **KM Grey, V Mushrif (2013) Infection, disease, and biosocial process at the end of the Indus civilization. PLOS ONE 0084814.

Robbins Schug G, S Gupta, LW Cowgill, PW Sciulli, **S Blatt (2013) Panel regression formulas for stature and body mass estimation in immature human skeletons. J Archaeol Sci 40 (7):3076-3086.

Robbins Schug G, *KM Grey, V Mushrif, AR Sankhyan (2012) A peaceful realm? Trauma and social differentiation at Harappa. Int J Paleopathol 2 (2-3):136-147.

Robbins Schug G, ** E Brandt, JR Lukacs (2012) Cementum annulations, age estimation, and demographic dynamics in a mid-Holocene cemetery, India. Homo 63 (2):94-109.

Sankhyan AK, G Robbins Schug (2011) First evidence of brain surgery in Bronze Age Harappa. Curr Sci 100 (11):16-21.

Robbins G, (2011) Don't throw out the baby with the bathwater: estimating fertility from subadult skeletons. Int J Osteoarchaeol 21(6):717722.

Robbins G, PW Sciulli, ** S Blatt (2010) Estimating body mass in subadult human skeletons. Amer J Phys Anthropol 143(1):146-150.

Dixon K, S Novak, G Robbins, J Schablitsky, R Scott, G Tasa (2010) Men, women, and children are starving: Archaeology of the Donner family camp. Amer Antiq 75(3):627-656.

Robbins G, V Mushrif, VN Misra, RK Mohanty, VS Shinde, * KM Gray, MD Schug (2009) Ancient skeletal evidence for Leprosy in India (2000 B.C.). PLOS ONE:e5669.

Robbins G, V Mushrif, VN Misra, RK Mohanty, VS Shinde (2007) Adult skeletal material from Balathal: A full report and inventory. Man and Environ XXXII(2: December):1-26.

Robbins G, V Mushrif, VN Misra, RK Mohanty, VS Shinde (2006) Biographies of the Skeleton: Pathological Patterns at Balathal. Man and Environment XXXI(2: December):150-165.


Lukacs JR, JN Pal, MC Gupta, VD Misra, GC Nelson, G Robbins Schug (2016) Holocene Foragers of North India: The Bioarchaeology of Mesolithic Damdama. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

Robbins Schug G (2011) Bioarchaeology and climate change: a view from South Asian prehistory. Gainseville: University Press of Florida [Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global Perspectives, Clark Larsen (series editor)].

Robbins G, VD Misra, JN Pal, MC Gupta (2004) Mesolithic Damdama: Dental Histology and Age Estimation. India: Allahabad University Press.

Edited Volumes

Robbins Schug G, SR Walimbe, eds. (2016) A Companion to South Asia in the Past. Boston: Wiley-Blackwell.

Book Chapters

Robbins Schug G (in press) A Hierarchy of Values: The Bioarchaeology of Order, Complexity, Health and Hierarchy at Harappa. In: Klaus H, AR Harvey, MN Cohen, eds. Bones of Complexity: Osteological indicators of emergent heterarchy and hierarchy. Gainesville: UPF. TBD.

Robbins Schug G, **KE Blevins (2016) The Center Cannot Hold: A Bioarchaeology of Environmental Crisis in the Second Millennium BCE, South Asia. In: G Robbins Schug, SR Walimbe, eds. A Companion to South Asia in the Past. Wiley-Blackwell. Pp 255-273.

Robbins Schug G, * KM Gray (2011) What Remains: bone histology and identification of a starvation diet. In: An Archaeology of Desperation: Exploring the Donner Party's Alder Creek Camp. Dixon K, J Schablitsky, S Novak, eds. Norman: UOP. Pp 157-177.

Other Contributions (not peer reviewed)

Robbins Schug G (forthcoming). ONLINE LEARNING MODULE FOR POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION: The Deccan Chalcolithic. Ravi Korisettar, Ed. Indian Culture Panel: Pre and Proto-history of India. E-Pathasala programme, Govt. of India.

Robbins Schug G (2015) BOOK REVIEW: Embattled Bodies, Embattled Places: War in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and the Andes. Andrew K. Scherer and John W. Verano, Eds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014. 432 pp. Amer Anthropol xx(x):TBD.

Robbins Schug G (2014) BOOK REVIEW: Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity. Edited by Jennifer L. Thompson, Marta P. Alfonso, and John J. Crandall. 2014. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. 270 pp. Am J Hum Biol 26(6):869-870.

Robbins Schug G (2013) BOOK REVIEW: The Bioarchaeology of Individuals. Eds. Ann Stodder and Ann Palkovich. 2012. Orlando: UPF. 287 pp. Am J Phys Anthropol 152(3):429.

Robbins Schug G, Lappan S (2013) Our Primate Heritage Lab Manual. Dubuque: Kendall Hunt.

Follow me on Academia.edu


William C. Strickland Outstanding Young Faculty Award, 2010


Bioarchaeological evidence for violence and specific evidence of social differentiation and trauma at Harappa (Indus River Valley Civilization) in the media


Science magazine

Anthropology News

John Hawks web blog

Archaeology magazine


Oldest Skeletal Evidence

for Leprosy (2000 B.C.) in the media


NY Times

Science magazine

Science Daily

Discovery Magazine

AP (USA Today)

Times of India

China Daily

Watauga Democrat

App State News




Osseous Remains from the Donner Party Camp Site (1847 A.D.) in the media

Recent coverage, 2010 (factsheet)

The New Yorker

The History Channel

Eureka Science News


Forensic Anthropology Summer Camp



Interested in pursuing a major in Anthropology with concentration in Biological Anthropology?

Dr. Gwen Robbins Schug | Anthropology Department | Appalachian State University | 401 Sanford Hall (office) | 828-262-7505 (office)